Death penalty

We're the ideal place for homework help. If you are looking for affordable, custom-written, high-quality and non-plagiarized papers, your student life just became easier with us. Click either of the buttons below to place your order.


Order a Similar Paper Order a Different Paper

 The research paper shall be a minimum of 8 pages and must follow current APA guidelines. The page count does not include the title page, abstract, or reference section. It must include 10–15 sources with at least 1 source being the Holy Bible and no more than two (2) books.  The student should have a specific section in the paper dedicated to a synthesis of Christian Worldview and their topic. 

You will develop a well-reasoned discussion of the issues associated with that topic and your suggestions and recommendations for appropriate interventions, policy changes, etc. as well as biblical support for your suggestions and recommendations. Include an introduction that describes the purpose of the paper, the context of the discussion, and the central issues; also, address the central issues and use headings to clearly delineate your points. Your paper needs to include the integration of sources to support your points and demonstrate your thinking through the complexities of the issues in discussion of the central issues and your recommendations. Your paper should have a substantive conclusion that summarizes your key points.

The Death Penalty

Chapter 17

In This Chapter

Capital Punishment in Context

Supreme Court Decisions

Research on Capital Murder Trials

Racial Disparities and the Death Penalty

The Death Penalty as a Deterrent to Murder

Errors and Mistakes in Death Penalty Cases

Capital Punishment in Context

Statistics

U.S. one of few countries with death penalty

32 states, federal government, military authorize use of death penalty

Four states responsible for 59% of all U.S. executions since 1976: TX, OK, FL, VA; only for aggravated murder

Texas account for 38%

Under federal law, capital crimes include treason, espionage, murder in government official, using WMD

Supreme Court Decisions

Methods

Lethal injections, gas, electrocution, hanging, firing squad

Executions are rare

Perception of strong public support for the death penalty

Influences decision-making of politicians

Occasionally used by the Supreme Court as an indicator of prevailing “standards of decency” among the American public

Death penalty is costly

Supreme Court Decisions

Constitutional Challenges (Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments)

Furman v. Georgia (1972): United States Supreme Court unconstitutional as then administered

Gregg v. Georgia (1976): Guided discretion; bifurcated proceedings

Atkins v. Virginia (2002): Eliminated death sentence for execution of mentally retarded prisoners

Ring v. Arizona (2002): Only jury can make decisions regarding capital punishment

Roper v. Simmons (2005): Prohibits execution of juveniles

Kennedy v. Louisiana (2008): Prohibits execution for child rapist, unless child dies

Baze V, Rees (2008): Lethal injection does not inflect unnecessary or wanton pain

HOT TOPIC

Should we execute the elderly?

Most inmates die of natural causes on death row before they are sent to the execution chamber.

Long delays due to appeal process in capital cases.

Graying of death row presents legal and ethical challenges.

Is it cruel to keep someone under threat of death for extended period of time?

Are aging and disability ever relevant in consideration of commuting a death sentence?

What do you think?

Research on Capital Murder Trials

Death qualification of jurors

During voir dire jurors asked if they can vote for the death penalty as result of guilty plea

Death qualified jurors more likely to convict

Penalty phase

Aggravating/mitigating factors unclear to jurors

Jurors unclear how to weigh these factors

Research on Capital Murder Trials

Defendant race and jury instruction type

Clearer, simplified instruction related to better comprehension and significantly reduced bias

Process of jury deliberation may increase tendency of white jurors to send black defendants to death

Revised jury instructions that take into account basic principles of cognitive psychology and psycholinguistics can help capital jurors choose between life and death.

Racial Disparities and the
Death Penalty

Pre-Civil War: “The Black Codes”

Blacks could be executed for theft; whites could not

Race of offender and victim is best predictor of death penalty

Between 1930 and 1967, 455 men were executed for rape

89% were black

1977 Coker v. Georgia Supreme Court case

Death penalty disproportionately severe for rape

Racial Disparities and the
Death Penalty

Race has an impact at several stages in the legal process

African American defendant more likely to be charged with capital murder and more likely to be sentenced to death and executed

Race of victim influences prosecutor decision to seek death penalty

41% of prisoners on death row are African American

Racial Disparities and the
Death Penalty

McClesky v. Kemp (1987) Supreme Court

Some unfairness is tolerable and inevitable because discretion is inescapable in capital sentencing

To overturn death sentence because of racial bias, evidence must prove that jurors acted with discriminatory purpose.

Critics suggest that legal standard for death penalty higher than what is needed to discrimination in housing or employment

Death Penalty as a Deterrent

Deterrence theory posits that potential murders will be restrained by possibility of execution

But

Murderers do not think rationally

Murderers usually under influence of substances

Murderers do not believe they will be caught and executed

Death Penalty as a Deterrent

Deterrence theory not upheld

States with death penalty have higher rates of murder than those without the death penalty

Capital punishment does not suppress murder rate

Brutalization effect

Executions usually stimulate small increase in murders

Stronger for highly publicized executions

Errors and Mistakes in
Death Penalty Cases

Overview

68% of death sentences reversed due to errors at trial

At retrial, 82% given lesser punishment; 7% found not guilty

Causes of error

ncompetent attorneys

-misleading jury instructions

-prosecutorial misconduct

Since 1900

416 people wrongfully convicted and sentenced to death:23 executed

DNA evidence-140 people exonerated

Errors and Mistakes in
Death Penalty Cases

Overview

68% of death sentences reversed due to errors at trial

At retrial, 82% given lesser punishment; 7% found not guilty

Causes of error

Police error

Incompetent attorneys

Misleading jury instructions

Prosecutorial misconduct

Since 1900

416 people wrongfully convicted and sentenced to death:23 executed

DNA evidence-140 people exonerated

Writerbay.net

Do you need academic writing help? Our quality writers are here 24/7, every day of the year, ready to support you! Instantly chat with a customer support representative in the chat on the bottom right corner, send us a WhatsApp message or click either of the buttons below to submit your paper instructions to the writing team.


Order a Similar Paper Order a Different Paper
Writerbay.net