First or Scond situation briefly

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CA11-3 (Depreciation—Strike, Units-of-Production,
Obsolescence) Presented on page 634 are three different and unrelated
situations involving depreciation accounting. Answer the question(s) at the end
of each situation

Situation I: Recently, Broderick Company experienced a
strike that affected a number of its operating plants. The controller of this
company indicated that it was not appropriate to report depreciation expense
during this period because the equipment did not depreciate and an improper
matching of costs and revenues would result. She based her position on the
following points.

1. It is inappropriate to charge the period with costs for
which there are no related revenues arising from production.

2. The basic factor of depreciation in this instance is wear
and tear. Because equipment was idle, no wear and tear occurred.


Comment on the appropriateness of the controller’s comments.

Situation II: Etheridge Company manufactures electrical appliances,
most of which are used in homes. Company engineers have designed a new type of
blender which, through the use of a few attachments, will perform more
functions than any blender currently on the market. Demand for the new blender
can be projected with reasonable probability. In order to make the blenders,
Etheridge needs a specialized ma- chine that is not available from outside
sources. It has been decided to make such a machine in Etheridge’s own plant.


(a)  Discuss the
effect of projected demand in units for the new blenders (which may be steady,
decreas- ing, or increasing) on the determination of a depreciation method for
the machine.

(b) What other matters should be considered in determining
the depreciation method? (Ignore income tax considerations.)

Situation III: Haley Paper Company operates a
300-ton-per-day kraft pulp mill and four sawmills in Wisconsin. The company is
in the process of expanding its pulp mill facilities to a capacity of 1,000
tons per day and plans to replace three of its older, less efficient sawmills
with an expanded facility. One of the mills to be replaced did not operate for
most of 2014 (current year), and there are no plans to reopen it before the new
sawmill facility becomes operational.

In reviewing the depreciation rates and in discussing the
salvage values of the sawmills that were to be replaced, it was noted that if
present depreciation rates were not adjusted, substantial amounts of plant
costs on these three mills would not be depreciated by the time the new mill
came on stream.


What is the proper accounting for the four sawmills at the
end of 2014?

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