Indiana University plagiarism test

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In the case below, the original source material is given along with a sample of student work. Determine the type of plagiarism by clicking the appropriate radio button.

Original Source Material

Student Version

From reading educator-authors’ revisions, and experiencing confusion myself surrounding how performance measures fit into a design case, I feel the problem arises from how new authors view design cases in relation to scientific experimental studies in education. A designer who is also a researcher must recognize the difference in perspective between a design case and an experimental study which uses a design for teaching and learning.

References:
Howard, C. D. (2011). Writing and rewriting the instructional design case: A view from two sides. International Journal of Designs for Learning, 2(1), 40-55.

Seeing the differences in viewpoint between a study that reports experimental results and a design case is a must for an individual who is both a designer and a researcher. Howard identifies this change of perspective as being critical to new authors of design cases.

Which of the following is true for the Student Version above?



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Item 2

In the case below, the original source material is given along with a sample of student work. Determine the type of plagiarism by clicking the appropriate radio button.

Original Source Material

Student Version

The way the U.S. judicial system works, a defendant is first found to be innocent or guilty. The punishment sentence is determined only after a defendant has been found guilty. It might seem that this is a relatively minor procedural issue. Yet, the order of this decision-making can mean the difference between life and death, or even between conviction and acquittal.

References:
Dixit, A. K., & Nalebuff, B. J. (1991). Thinking strategically: The competitive edge in business, politics, and everyday life. New York, NY: Norton.

Decision-making order “can mean the difference between life and death, or even between conviction and acquittal” (Dixit & Nalebuff, 1991, p. 270) which puts the fact that in the U.S. judicial system the punishment sentence is determined only after a defendant has been found guilty into new light. Clearly, this is not a relatively minor procedural issue.

References:
Dixit, A. K., & Nalebuff, B. J. (1991). Thinking strategically: The competitive edge in business, politics, and everyday life. New York, NY: Norton.

Which of the following is true for the Student Version above?



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Item 3

In the case below, the original source material is given along with a sample of student work. Determine the type of plagiarism by clicking the appropriate radio button.

Original Source Material

Student Version

From reading educator-authors’ revisions, and experiencing confusion myself surrounding how performance measures fit into a design case, I feel the problem arises from how new authors view design cases in relation to scientific experimental studies in education. A designer who is also a researcher must recognize the difference in perspective between a design case and an experimental study which uses a design for teaching and learning.

References:
Howard, C. D. (2011). Writing and rewriting the instructional design case: A view from two sides. International Journal of Designs for Learning, 2(1), 40-55.

The confusion regarding the way performance measures relate to design cases is explained as stemming from “how new authors view design cases in relation to scientific experimental studies in education” (Howard, 2011, p. 50). The paradigm shift is something that I can see myself struggling with.

References:
Howard, C. D. (2011). Writing and rewriting the instructional design case: A view from two sides. International Journal of Designs for Learning, 2(1), 40-55.

Which of the following is true for the Student Version above?



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Item 4

In the case below, the original source material is given along with a sample of student work. Determine the type of plagiarism by clicking the appropriate radio button.

Original Source Material

Student Version

The word “comfortable” is more profound than people usually realize. The mystery of genuine comfort goes beyond the simple idea that the word first seems to mean. Places which are comfortable are comfortable because they have no inner contradictions, because there is no little restlessness disturbing them.

References:
Alexander, C. (1979). The timeless way of building (Vol. 1). New York, NY: Oxford University Press USA.

One way to describe a place is “comfortable”. What does this mean? Alexander (1979) states that “Places which are comfortable are comfortable because they have no inner contradictions, because there is no little restlessness disturbing them” (p.32). This statement seems to suggest that comfort is an attribute of the place itself rather than something that depends on the relationship between the place and the person experiencing it.

References:
Alexander, C. (1979). The timeless way of building (Vol. 1). New York, NY: Oxford University Press USA.

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Item 5

In the case below, the original source material is given along with a sample of student work. Determine the type of plagiarism by clicking the appropriate radio button.

Original Source Material

Student Version

Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection is satisfying because it shows us a way in which simplicity could change into complexity, how unordered atoms could group themselves into ever more complex patterns until they ended up manufacturing people.

References:
Dawkins, R. (1989). The selfish gene (3rd ed.). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

There is a range of perspectives on Darwin’s ideas about evolution. His theory of evolution shows us a way in which simplicity could change into complexity that many find appealing. When Dawkins (1989) states that “Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection is satisfying” (p. 12), he points to the ability of the theory to explain complex phenomenon.

References:
Dawkins, R. (1989). The selfish gene (3rd ed.). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Which of the following is true for the Student Version above?



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Item 6

In the case below, the original source material is given along with a sample of student work. Determine the type of plagiarism by clicking the appropriate radio button.

Original Source Material

Student Version

Murdoch’s own moral philosophy has a great deal in common with the work of philosophers like Richard Rorty, Stanley Cavell and Martha Nussbaum. She shares with them not only the attempt to work out a chastened, usable, non-metaphysical discourse and vocabulary for a qualified humanist ethics but also their conception of the novel as an embodiment of moral philosophy.

References:
Bényei, T. (2003). Angelic omissions: Iris Murdoch’s angels and ethical criticism. European Journal of English Studies, 7(2), 151-163.

Murdoch and number of other philosophers all tried to establish a subdued, non-metaphysical, and operational lexicon and discourse for a humanist ethics. According to Bényei (2003) “Murdoch’s own moral philosophy has a great deal in common with the work of philosophers like Richard Rorty, Stanley Cavell and Martha Nussbaum” (p. 151). However, I have several points of contention with their assertions.

References:
Bényei, T. (2003). Angelic omissions: Iris Murdoch’s angels and ethical criticism. European Journal of English Studies, 7(2), 151-163.

Which of the following is true for the Student Version above?



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Item 7

In the case below, the original source material is given along with a sample of student work. Determine the type of plagiarism by clicking the appropriate radio button.

Original Source Material

Student Version

It should be apparent that technology will play a crucial role in the success of the information-age paradigm of education. It will enable a quantum improvement in student learning, and likely at a lower cost per student per year than in the current industrial-age paradigm. Just as the electronic spreadsheet made the accountant’s job quicker, easier, and less expensive, the kind of LMS described here will make the teacher’s job quicker, easier, and less expensive.

References:
Reigeluth, C. M., Watson, W. R., Watson, S. L., Dutta, P., Chen, Z. C., & Powell, N. D. P. (2008). Roles for technology in the information-age paradigm of education: Learning management systems. Educational Technology, 48(6), 32-39.

It should be clear that teachers’ jobs will change in several crucial ways in the near future. Increasing use of technology will hopefully make the teacher’s job quicker, easier, and less expensive and lead to improved student learning (Reigeluth et al., 2008).

Which of the following is true for the Student Version above?



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Item 8

In the case below, the original source material is given along with a sample of student work. Determine the type of plagiarism by clicking the appropriate radio button.

Original Source Material

Student Version

Many physical education and health curricula have been developed to foster active, healthy lifestyles through various learning outcomes and objectives. Although such a goal may be desired and valued by our society, ways to achieve this goal are less understood. If elementary physical education is to assist children in developing skills and understanding that will serve as the foundation for future activities, then educators at all levels need to develop ways to foster these skills and understanding across numerous types of activities.

References:
Mandigo, J. L., & Anderson, A. T. (2003). Using the pedagogical principles in net/wall games to enhance teaching effectiveness. Teaching Elementary Physical Education, 14(1), 8-11.

While society may broadly appreciate and desire educational objectives that can help people lead healthy lives, the exact approaches necessary to reach these desired outcomes are not well understood. Mandigo and Anderson (2003) highlight the need for educators “to develop ways to foster these skills and understandings across numerous types of activities” (p. 8) as an important step towards making this desire a reality.

References:
Mandigo, J. L., & Anderson, A. T. (2003). Using the pedagogical principles in net/wall games to enhance teaching effectiveness. Teaching Elementary Physical Education, 14(1), 8-11.

Which of the following is true for the Student Version above?



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Item 9

In the case below, the original source material is given along with a sample of student work. Determine the type of plagiarism by clicking the appropriate radio button.

Original Source Material

Student Version

The way the U.S. judicial system works, a defendant is first found to be innocent or guilty. The punishment sentence is determined only after a defendant has been found guilty. It might seem that this is a relatively minor procedural issue. Yet, the order of this decision-making can mean the difference between life and death, or even between conviction and acquittal.

References:
Dixit, A. K., & Nalebuff, B. J. (1991). Thinking strategically: The competitive edge in business, politics, and everyday life. New York, NY: Norton.

Seemingly small choices, such as the order of decision-making, can have major consequences. For example, making decisions about punishment after a guilty verdict has been reached rather than before guilt has been established impacts conviction and acquittal rates. A decision to convict can literally be a life or death decision in countries that practice capital punishment.

Which of the following is true for the Student Version above?



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Item 10

In the case below, the original source material is given along with a sample of student work. Determine the type of plagiarism by clicking the appropriate radio button.

Original Source Material

Student Version

If learners are new to critique, we see anonymity as a scaffold to generating critical feedback. Learners can practice giving feedback knowing they are not vulnerable to social repercussions. Less than perfect expressions, unwarranted negative reactions, and fruitless ideas are bound to be part of novice feedback, but teachers hope to create learning configurations that support both the giver and the receiver of feedback, especially if the commenters are novices.

References:
Howard, C. D., Barrett, A. F., & Frick, T. W. (2010). Anonymity to promote peer feedback: Pre-service teachers’ comments in asynchronous computer-mediated communication. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 43(1), 89-112.

Providing good constructive feedback takes practice. Howard, Barrett, and Frick (2010) suggest that allowing feedback to be given under conditions of anonymity may serve as a useful scaffold for helping novices provide feedback more honestly since they would be less open to social consequences. In my personal experiences with peer feedback where everyone could see who said what, I found that feedback lacked detail and was mostly made up of “Good job!” statements.

References:
Howard, C. D., Barrett, A. F., & Frick, T. W. (2010). Anonymity to promote peer feedback: Pre-service teachers’ comments in asynchronous computer-mediated communication. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 43(1), 89-112.

Which of the following is true for the Student Version above?



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