Kevin worked for 10 years at a uranium mine, excavating uranium for a nearby nuclear power plant. Now, 25 years later, he has small cell lung cancer. Kevin is anorexic and has lost a considerable amount of weight. His muscles are wasting, and he is weak. He tries to move around the house throughout the day but tires easily. It has been difficult for him to access care, and the treatment for his cancer is just starting.
- With the ongoing exposure to the ionizing radiation, DNA damage occurred. Outline the three stages of carcinogenesis that occurred after his exposure to radiation.
- Kevin is normally a fit and active man, and his wife often commented on how much food he used to eat after a day at mine. Why would there be muscle wasting and weight loss now? Explain your answer using your
- knowledge of the metabolic changes seen with cancer.
- In some cancer patients, muscle weakness may result from the production of onconeural antigens. Describe the effects of these antigens. What form would this process likely take in Kevin’s situation?
write four double-spaced pages need to be written using APA 6th edition format
integrate knowledge of advanced physiology and pathophysiology across the lifespan with the clinical implications for the advanced practice nurse
make sure all of the topics in the case study have been addressed
cite at least three sources; journal articles, textbooks, or evidenced-based websites to support the content
all sources must be within five years
do not use .com, Wikipedia, or up-to-date, etc., for your sources