breaking down minor ethical infractions
For this assignment, imagine that you are a healthcare administrator, and you have noticed that some of your employees have become a bit lax in how they present their personal image to the patients. There have also been recent instances of minor ethical infractions. You decide to hold a meeting with all of the employees to discuss this issue and retrain.
Develop a PowerPoint presentation consisting of 8–12 slides (not counting the title and reference slides) to share at this meeting. In the presentation, address the following topics:
· the importance of personal image in patient care including appearance, grooming, and language;
· the importance of maintaining personal and professional ethical standards;
· the connection between communication, personality, and ethics and how they can work together to help employees present a professional image to patients; and
· methods employees can use to improve their own personal images.
Be as creative as possible with this presentation. Try to grab your audience right from the start, and hold their attention throughout your presentation. You may use pictures or graphics or other forms of multimedia to illustrate your points. You are highly encouraged to utilize the Notes section of the presentation to add additional talking points to enhance the message you want to get across.
In addition to your textbook, you must use at least one peer-reviewed source and one source from a reputable, industry-specific website (e.g., government entities, nonprofit organizations). All sources used, including the textbook must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. All references or citations used must be in APA style.
BHA 3202, Standards for Health Care Staff 1
Course Learning Outcomes for Unit VI
Upon completion of this unit, students should be able to:
2. Evaluate how ethical behavior affects the workplace.
2.1 Examine the connections between communication, personality, and ethics in a healthcare
Chapters 9, 11
Article “The ant and the grasshopper: Work ethic by personality type.”
Unit VI PowerPoint Presentation
Chapter 9: Patient Interaction and Communication
Chapter 11: Professionalism in Action
Additional Reading Assignment:
In order to access the following resource, click the link below.
NERIS Analytics Limited. (2016). The ant and the grasshopper: Work ethic by personality type. 16
José is still thinking about communication and how it can change the whole tone and environment of the
healthcare organization and those who work within the organization. He realizes that communication has a
major impact on patient care—from ethical standards to quality of patient care. He also sees that ethics plays
a role in how we communicate. He goes to Jane to discuss this because he is finding it all tied together, and
he wants to talk about how he can improve the patient care he provides now and how to lead others to do
Jane listens to what José has to share and settles back to discuss the topics with him. She suggests that they
consider ethics first since many healthcare employees seem to struggle with this. Jane reminds José of the
incident last year where Yvonne became involved with a patient in their healthcare clinic. Yvonne felt sorry for
the patient who had lost his job, and she began to offer him rides to his appointments and then to go
shopping. Before long, Yvonne was seen dating him, and the healthcare clinic had to step in because this
was unethical behavior.
José remembered the incident because everyone was talking about it, and it was something that he was
uncomfortable with but did not know how to stop. The human resources (HR) department manager called
everyone together to discuss ethical communication and behaviors between employees and between
employees and patients. They had to do training about Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
(HIPAA) laws and where professional behavior ended and inappropriate personal behavior began. All this
UNIT VI STUDY GUIDE
Ethics, Patients, and You
BHA 3202, Standards for Health Care Staff 2
occurred because Yvonne did not understand that compassion for a patient’s needs can conflict and clash
with compassion for a patient on a personal level.
José discovers from Jane that ethical behaviors also include cybersecurity. He had heard a lot about this in
the news with all of the healthcare organizations that had fallen victim to having their computer systems
compromised lately. He did not realize, however, that there was so much to the concepts or that they applied
to him even when in his office. He was surprised to learn from Jane that even taking home patient files on his
company-issued laptop could lead to cybersecurity issues that did not seem to relate to him when he was in
his HR security training courses each year.
José asks Jane about how he should approach his employees if he becomes a healthcare administrator since
there are so many different personalities in the office and in the patients they care for. Jane reminds José
about their talk last week where they looked at the different types of groups one encounters in an office. José
had actually identified with her what groups their healthcare organization and department had, and he placed
his colleagues within the different groups. José also has been studying about culturally appropriate patient
care at the following website, and he sees how all of this is tying together:
Jane now encourages José to consider how personalities play a role in providing patient care and in a
person’s work ethic. She shares that she comes from a culture where one’s personal space is very small, and
everyone in the community would step right up to others and start talking to them in their face as a colleague
once told her she does. She tells José that it took her a long time to understand that people have different
types and degrees of personal space and that violating that space can offend another person and can shut
down communication. She lists the types of personal space that exist, which are provided below.
• Social space: This space is set by the degree of familiarity one has with another person. When first
meeting someone, whether the person is a colleague, patient, or acquaintance, social space varies
from 4 to 12 feet depending on the physical environment.
José is aware of the HIPAA laws, but he realizes that he does not know much more than that he has
to respect patients’ rights; make sure that patients know all they need to know to make informed
healthcare decisions; and that information about a patient’s health can only be disclosed to the
patient, a legally designated person, or parent.
José decides he will go to the following website, which contains training materials for HIPAA
compliance. (You can access the website by clicking the link below.)
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. (n.d.). Training materials: Helping entities implement
privacy and security protections. http://www.hhs.gov/hipaa/for-
On the aforementioned website, Jose finds a link that offers training on HIPAA and HIPAA violations,
which can be accessed by clicking the link below.
Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology. (n.d.). Health IT privacy and
security resources for providers. https://www.healthit.gov/providers-professionals/guide-
Take a few minutes to visit the two websites that José visited. There you will find guides to the full
HIPAA rules and information on patient rights, cybersecurity, and more.
• What information did you find that you did not know about before?
• What information can affect ethical behavior toward and for a patient?
• How will your practice be affected by a careful understanding of HIPAA rules now or in the
f t if t tl l d h lth d i i t t ?
BHA 3202, Standards for Health Care Staff 3
• Personal space: Once you know the person, being past that first period where introductions take
place, social space shrinks to about 1.5 to 4 feet and then becomes personal space. This is the space
that others felt Jane was violating when she should have been in their social space.
• Intimate space: Intimate space is actually the space in which the healthcare professional must do his
or her patient assessment or treatment. It is from 0 to 1.5 feet and necessary to provide care for the
patient. It can also be the spaces within which colleagues work as when sharing a computer or
reading a chart together (Colbert & Katrancha, 2016).
José tells Jane that he has seen a great website that is all about work ethic. He feels that work ethic ties to
personal space, communication, and HIPAA because some people want to get their work done as fast as
they can so they can party, and some focus intensely on work and leave play for a time when they can be
carefree. Each approach can affect the quality of patient care given and the relationships formed between
healthcare professionals. Jane acknowledges that it is all tied together; one part affects the other and can
lead to either positive or negative results.
José has come away from his talk with Jane with a clearer picture of how all behavior displayed by a
healthcare administrator plays a role in the greater picture of the healthcare organization and the kind of
patient care it provides. José knows that ethical behavior follows set laws, rules, and regulations; however, it
also includes the smaller things and interactions that happen each day between patients and healthcare
professionals. He knows it could be as small as knocking on a patient door before entering to as major as
providing the proper feedback to another person so communications are clear and result in a desired outcome
(Colbert & Katrancha, 2016; Stone & Heen, 2014).
Colbert, B. J., & Katrancha, E. D. (2016). Career success in health care: Professionalism in action (3rd ed.).
José is realizing that ethics have as much to do with personality types as they do with culture and
background. He is fascinated by the idea that some people do not consider ethics the same way as
others do, and he took Jane’s advice to read the article below, which speaks on ethics and personality
types. (You can access the resource by clicking the link below.)
NERIS Analytics Limited. (2016). The ant and the grasshopper: Work ethic by personality type. 16
In reading over the article, José is able to identify himself as a diplomat and analyst because he
knows he is analytical about all that he encounters in life. He tries to balance his work and personal
life by sometimes putting work first and by sometimes putting play first.
José starts to think about those he works with and how each fits within the personality types in the
article. He sees that Jane is more of a sentinel who works hard so she can plan for a future she
envisions for herself. He sees his coworker Roger as being more of an explorer who does not seem to
care much about his job; Roger just puts in his hours and always thinks about what he will do when he
Consider your personality type. Are you an ant or a grasshopper? Do you see yourself as an explorer,
diplomat/analyst, or a sentinel? How does your personality type play into your work ethic? How does it
affect the care you provide now or will provide as a healthcare administrator to your patients?
BHA 3202, Standards for Health Care Staff 4
Stone, D., & Heen, S. (2014). Thanks for the feedback: The science and art of receiving feedback well.
In order to access the following resources, click the links below.
These websites contain a vast supply of information and training for the healthcare administrator. You are
encouraged to take the time to explore them and bookmark them for future reference.
Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology. (n.d.). Health IT privacy and security
resources for providers. https://www.healthit.gov/providers-professionals/guide-privacy-and-security-
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. (n.d.). Training materials: Helping entities implement privacy
and security protections. http://www.hhs.gov/hipaa/for-professionals/training/index.html
Learning Activities (Nongraded)
Nongraded Learning Activities are provided to aid students in their course of study. You do not have to submit
them. If you have questions, contact your instructor for further guidance and information.
Research three websites that are patient-focused and explain patient rights in layman’s terms. Prepare a
pamphlet that explains patient rights and recommends one of the websites for patients to learn more about
This exercise will not only allow you to further your knowledge in the area, but the pamphlet can be added to
the toolbox you are building and can be used as a training aid in the future.