Previously, you located and annotated resources for the first segment of a multi-year integrated case study that offers you the opportunity to apply the knowledge gained in the course to a real-world

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Previously, you located and annotated resources for the first segment of a multi-year integrated case study that offers you the opportunity to apply the knowledge gained in the course to a real-world situation. In this assignment, you will read the case study with its supporting information, make business decisions related to the case, and suggest research needs that result from your interaction with the case.

General Requirements:

Use the following information to ensure successful completion of the assignment:

  • Refer to “DBA-820 Integrated Case Study” located in the Class Resources for this course.
  • Refer to the feedback provided by your instructor on your Topic 2 assignment.
  • Instructors will be using a grading rubric to grade the assignments. It is recommended that learners review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment in order to become familiar with the assignment criteria and expectations for successful completion of the assignment.
  • Doctoral learners are required to use APA style for their writing assignments. The APA Style Guide is located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.
  • This assignment requires that at least three scholarly research sources related to this topic, and at least one in-text citation from each source be included. Support for decisions should include appropriate current (within the last 3 years) or foundational, peer reviewed, and professional research.
  • You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Class Resources if you need assistance.

Directions:

Review the information in “DBA-820 Integrated Case Study” located in the Class Resources for this course. This includes narrative information as well as financial and supporting documentation.

Consider the questions presented in the case study, and formulate decisions based on the information and documentation in the case study.  Support your decisions with appropriate current (within the last 3 years) or foundational, peer reviewed, and professional research as well as financial analysis including the instructor feedback from your Topic 2 assignment.

Write a paper (1,500-1,750 words) that addresses the case issues, expresses your decisions regarding the case questions, and integrates instructor feedback from your Topic 2 assignment. In your paper, include the following:

  1. A summary of the current environment as presented in the case. (Note: Information from the case study does not require a reference note or in-text citation.)
  2. A summary of the business issue, emphasizing the financial concerns, from the case. Integrate specific feedback from your instructor regarding your summary of the financial issue.
  3. A review of at least two viable potential resolutions and the supporting research and financial analyses you presented in your Topic 2 assignment. Integrate specific feedback from your instructor regarding the proposed resolutions.
  4. A research-supported discussion of the ethical implications of each option and the extent to which these ethical implications are influenced by the mission, vision, and core values of ABCTech. (Reinforces C.2.6: Incorporate ethical considerations when recommending complex business decisions.)
  5. An overtly stated, research-supported recommendation for resolution chosen from the potential resolutions you described and a rationale for the recommended resolution. How does this influence the provided profit/loss statement and/or other financial criteria and statements? (Reinforces C.1.3:  Develop, extend, modify, or apply theories for use in business.)
  6. A discussion of future research that you could conduct relative to these issues.

Previously, you located and annotated resources for the first segment of a multi-year integrated case study that offers you the opportunity to apply the knowledge gained in the course to a real-world
College of Doctoral Studies DBA-820 Integrated Case Study In this course, you will interact with Part I of a multi-year, integrated case study experience. This part of the case study focuses on financial issues and related ethical decisions. The Case Software producer ABCTech maintains a simple organizational structure with its two partners/employees carrying out all of the daily operational tasks of the business including research and development (R&D), marketing, accounting, and production. Thunder Thompson is the founder/CEO, and Chris Christianson is the co-founder/COO. Both men continue to work for a large computer programming organization during the day while starting ABCTech during the evening hours. So, neither is drawing a salary form ABCTech at this time. Based in the founder’s garage, the company is on track to post revenues of approximately $250,000 after the first year of operation, and the partners believe the company valuation can soar into the hundreds of millions of dollars over the next several years. With the local economy assessed as being favorable to the support and growth of the company, the partners believe that revenue will double next year to $500,000. Therefore, they are considering borrowing $250,000 to improve cash flow and hire additional staff including a sales and marketing manager to increase product sales and boost revenue. The partners are fully committed to the concept of the company and the quality of its product, and they believe that the company is strong for a first-year startup and moving in a positive direction despite the higher than normal expenses associated with the first year of business. They believe the loan will allow them to survive until the increased emphasis on sales yields a larger client base and makes the company strong enough to stand on its own. While previewing the required documentation list to secure the loan, the partners begin to fear that the ratio of expenses to revenue may be too high for the lender’s preference. While the revenue of the company looks good, expenses are high as one might expect in a startup company. Nonetheless, the partners are preparing carefully the financial records to present to the lender in order to procure the capital to improve cash flow in the short term. As the partners consider the loan application and its preparations, they are approached by a large, well-established software company with a lucrative offer to buy ABCTech in its entirety for $500,000. The buyout would make the founders moderately wealthy in the short term and provide them with employment in the acquiring company. Nonetheless, the long term potential revenue from continuing to grow the startup company is significantly greater than the value of the proposed purchase and employment package. Continuing the startup means a more difficult and risky road for the partners including continuing to find and invoke creative reporting methods to secure necessary short-term funding. However, the buyout would mean accepting less money than the company could potentially generate over time and eliminating plans to hire the sales manager. Questions to Consider Should the partners continue their business expansion plans including procuring the operating loan? Why or why not? Should they take the buyout offer? Why or why not? Which is the more ethically reasonable choice? Defend your position by establishing a theoretical foundation using current (within the last three years) or foundational references. Background Information for ABCTech General Information In 2016, ABCTech was founded by two best friends, Thunder Thompson (CEO) and Chris Christianson (COO) out of Thunder’s garage (see biographical information below). Both men continue to work for a large computer programming organization while starting ABCTech. Although their specialty is application design, they understand the importance of safe data. As cybercrimes increased over the past few years, Thunder and Chris, came up with an idea which would change data and personal security. With just a few dollars in their pockets raised from family and friend investments as well as using the maximum amount available on some credit cards, they set out to build the necessary architecture that would provide them the opportunity to become the next technology magnates. As they got closer to an end-product, they started marketing their product and were surprised how sales were growing each month as they headed for a quarter million dollars in revenue their first year. Being programmers by day and new entrepreneurs by night, Thunder and Chris quickly learned there was much they did not know about business, especially sales, so they considered hiring their first official employee, a sales manager, at the beginning of year 2. Mission ABCTech exists to create an affordable computer security product for every person. Vision A world protected from cybercrime and personal security breaches. Core Values Honesty Integrity Diversity Agility Safety Competitive Analysis ABCTech’s product is completely different than any other software security application offered in the market. ABCTech offers an elegant product solution that is implemented with a single update to the user’s computer operating system thereby bypassing the need to distribute daily updates to address new security threats. The simplicity of their solution circumvents the necessity to acquire capital to build or acquire extensive infrastructure along with the addition of high-priced support staff. The market for data security is a well-established market led by several well-known dominant companies that focus both on the consumer and business markets. Vendor reputation and brand perception influence customer purchase decisions to a greater extent than product cost. To continually promote brand safety, dominant companies expend a significant portion of their budget on advertising and marketing expenditures. Dominant companies offer single user licenses, enterprise contracts, and even customized safety applications. They have built large, expensive technical infrastructures enabling them to distribute daily security updates as needed. These companies have national and international presence and are well respected. They are financially profitable and are perceived by their customers as offering products that provide great value. Member Biographies for ABCTech Thunder Thompson, CEO and Co-Founder Thunder Thompson is co-founder of ABCTech. As the CEO of ABCTech, Thunder is focusing on the company’s growth and technology strategy. Thunder has a B.A. degree in computer programming and a passion for creating safe data products and applications. He brings over 10 years of experience in enterprise IT software, data analytics, security, and knowledge of cybercrime. Thunder also has experience in technical operations and cloud and data platforms. Thunder is new to being an entrepreneur but is excited at the prospects of making a difference in the technology world with the company’s safe data products. Thunder believes in ABCTech’s vision: A world protected from cybercrime and personal security breaches. Chris Christianson, COO and Co-Founder Chris Christianson is the co-founder and COO of ABCTech. He is also the Chief Marketing Officer for the company. He is responsible for growing the company’s revenue. Chris has 12 years of experience in HTML, Java, Python coding, and product development. Chris is trained in software development, product development, and product marketing and hods a B.A. degree in computer programming and has certification in marketing and product development. Chris is also new to entrepreneurship but has a passion to see ABCTech and its products succeed. Chris believes the company can achieve its mission: To create an affordable security product for every person. Organizational Charts for ABCTech Initial Two-Person Structure Expanded Structure (includes Sales Manager) Year One Financial Statements Statement of Operations Balance Sheet
Previously, you located and annotated resources for the first segment of a multi-year integrated case study that offers you the opportunity to apply the knowledge gained in the course to a real-world
Week 2 DBA 820 ABCTech case study analysis Name GCU DBA820 Date Week 2 DBA 820 ABCTech case study analysis For this case study, we have ABCTech, founded by Christianson Chris and Thompson Thunder, that offers cheaper security for computer users. During the first operation years, the company seeks to achieve $250000 in revenues, while during the second year, the two entrepreneurs seek to double the amount. Therefore, the two have taken a $250000 loan to help in operations, more staff and increasing cash flow. However, since Thompson and Chris are new to the market, they never considered essential costs like starting up. The two entrepreneurs have been proposed by a large company that wants to purchase their company for $500000. Therefore, this paper seeks to analyze whether they should accept the offer. The financial discussion Although both Chris and Thompson are new to the market, they have developed proper capital budgeting strategies to understand the company’s current performance and how it will perform in the future. Making proper decisions helps in determining whether a company will succeed or not in future; therefore, using analysis approaches like the IRR (internal rate of return), PBP (payback period), and NPV (net present value) is essential in determining the company’s performance in future. The internal rate of return is an essential tool for short-term performance, while the NPV and PBP are significant for the long-term company’s evaluation. (Hinze & Sump 2019). The NPV is essential by offering flexibility and convenience for companies when market conditions shift radically, thus becoming unpredictable. Despite Chris and Thomson determining that the company will be worth $500000 in the second year, they should consider internal and external factors. Previous and historical information can be used to predict an organization’s future. Financial analysis is essential to numerically support data without making assumptions. Generally, the company’s liquidity analysis is essential to provide both positive and negative perspectives of the organization. The buyout offer A large software company offers Chris and Thomson $500000 to purchase their company. This would be the most appropriate short-term decision since they would get revenue from the project without incurring additional costs and striving to improve the performance of this organization. (Saputra et al. 2020). However, the issue with this option is the earning will be lower than what Chris and Thomson had projected since they have already invested $250000 and expect in the second year the company to be valued at $500000. Application of the tradeoff theory helps in understanding the benefits a company will achieve after an investment. The option to get a loan The second option is that Chris and Thomson have been getting a $250000 loan to help manage operating costs and start up the firm successfully. However, since the two partners are new entrepreneurs in the market, it’s impossible to understand limited capital and have adequate information on investments. Chris and Thomson have not considered internal and external factors that may lead to their company’s values. Additionally, despite taking the $250000 loan, new costs may arise throughout the process, thus preventing their operations. The best option, according to ethics From an ethical background, the two investors should consider selling out the company to a large firm. However, before selecting this option, they should understand that operations and decisions made regarding the software shall be based on the new company. Therefore, although the original intent of the company was to prevent cybercrime and breaches, the company may make decisions inconsistent with the initial intentions. Consequently, Chris and Thomson have a close connection to the company; however, as the merger occurs, the larger company will make financial decisions that Chris and Thomson must implement. (Nugroho et al. (2021). The two entrepreneurs are suffering while procuring starting-up capital, and there are possibilities that they may not procure adequate finances. After starting up, external factors may prevent the required performance of the new company. For example, in 2022, the new companies starting up were affected by the Russian war, which lowered revenues and increased the cost of production. Other factors to be selected include the expectations of the investors in their company since the company may have different intentions during the buyout. The competitive factors are also significant since, in a highly competitive market, it may take longer for Chris and Thomson to reach the required revenue. Generally, Chris and Thomson have limited knowledge of finances; therefore, even after acquiring the loan, decisions made may prevent them from repayment. The large company seeking to buy out ABCTech already has the necessary human resources and tools to actualize Chris and Thomson’s dream. Although it may be unethical that the investors are losing their dream company, it will continue delivering the necessary revenue. At the same time, Chris and Thomson will receive the money instantly without waiting for two years. References Hinze, A. K., & Sump, F. (2019). Corporate social responsibility and financial analysts: A review of the literature. Sustainability Accounting, Management and Policy Journal. https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/SAMPJ-05-2017-0043/full/html?casa_token=Fr1pSOUoAk8AAAAA:iXTR8P_hmeDQPFSOcaFZiNjx1nC6lG65oPTslG4hB5A5KU7xV_tSzLgdw_7tkhJrzsslzzyaps9XabU9obaNHYjzaB_s2MHTSJ8C124BhxQ_UFdPlSk Nugroho, M., Arif, D., & Halik, A. (2021). The effect of loan-loss provision, non-performing loans and third-party funds on capital adequacy ratio. Accounting, 7(4), 943-950. http://growingscience.com/ac/Vol7/ac_2021_13.pdf Saputra, E., Resmi, S., Nurweni, H., & Prasetyo, T. U. (2020). Do Character, Capacity, Capital, Collateral, and Conditions Affect Bad Loans? Journal of Accounting and Finance Management, 1(3), 97-105. https://www.dinastires.org/JAFM/article/download/17/16

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