What is moral reasoning, English homework help

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After reading this week’s materials and using the activity at http://www.philosophyexperiments.com/fatman/Default.aspx , answer the following prompts in your own words. Write in first person and give personal examples to support your reasoning and to demonstrate your understanding. Your work should be 500 -750 words.

Torture, as a matter of principle, is always wrong. 

Explain whether you agreed or disagreed with this statement and why here…

The morality of an action is determined by whether, compared to the other available options, it maximizes the sum total of happiness of all the people affected by it.

Explain whether you agreed or disagreed with this statement and why here…

It is always, and everywhere, wrong to cause another person’s death – assuming they wish to stay alive – if this outcome is avoidable.

Explain whether you agreed or disagreed with this statement and why here…

If you can save the lives of innocent people without reducing the sum total of human happiness, and without putting your own life at risk, you are morally obliged to do so.

Explain whether you agreed or disagreed with this statement and why here…

The runaway train scenario.

Explain whether you picked “turn the train” or “allow the train to keep going” and why here…

The fat man on the bridge scenario.

Explain whether you picked “push the fat man onto the track” or “allow the train to continue” and why here…

The saboteur scenario.

Explain whether you picked “push the fat saboteur onto the track” or “allow the train to continue” and why here…

The fat man and the ticking time bomb scenario.

Explain whether you picked “yes, the fat man should be tortured” or “no, the fat man should not be tortured” and why here…

Analysis.

In your own words, explain whether your preliminary and scenario answers were or were not consistent and why here… 

Consistency score.

In your own words, describe your consistency score and how it compares to others here…

Conclusion

In your own words, describe what this experiment tells you about yourself and others in terms of moral reasoning here… 

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