Write a response essay to Owen’s article (8 pages ). Based on the article but should use more references. I attached my paper but my Professor said I do need to rewrite it, especially the parts on “Y

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Write a response essay to Owen’s article (8 pages ). Based on the article but should use more references. I attached my paper but my Professor said I do need to rewrite it, especially the parts on “Yen chih” do not make any sense.  Can you help me check on it and rewrite it? Tips:  study what shi yan zhi 詩言志 really means? The paper I wrote is just a little reference. Don’t even copy anything on it because my Professor has a very bad feedback on it.Please attach the plagiarism check. Thanks.

Write a response essay to Owen’s article (8 pages ). Based on the article but should use more references. I attached my paper but my Professor said I do need to rewrite it, especially the parts on “Y
T itle: Poetry in the Chinese Tradition: Stephen Owen Name: Esther Fung Professor: Xiaorong Li Date: 1/12/2023 Poetry in the Chinese Tradition: Stephen Owen I strongly agree with Owen’ s view of human poetry. General human poetry is a form of expression humans have used since ancient times. It is a form of art that allows people to express their innermost feelings and emotions. It uses the beauty of language and symbolism to communicate a message to the audience. One of the greatest advantages of general human poetry is its ability to connect with people. Poetry can bridge the gaps between dif ferent cultures, languages and lifestyles (Burt, 2016). It is a universal form of communication that all can understand. It allows people to connect deeper , fostering understanding and empathy . General human poetry is also a great way to express feelings that may be dif ficult to verbalize. It allows people to express their emotions in a creative and meaningful way . It is a form of art that can get used to process emotions and gain insight into oneself. People can use it to express their thoughts and feelings beautifully . General human poetry can also be used to inspire and motivate. It can be a source of hope and encouragement in times of dif ficulty. Poetry can be uplifting and provide a sense of solace. It can bring courage and strength to those who feel lost or discouraged. General human poetry can also help in healing. It can express grief, pain and sorrow safely and therapeutically . It can give people a sense of closure and resolution, helping them to move forward (Burt, 2016). General human poetry is a powerful tool that can get used to connect, express, inspire and heal. It is an art form that can get used to explore the depths of the human spirit and communicate life’s beauty . Owen demonstrates that lyric poetry has been an essential part of W estern civilization since antiquity . Its legacy has been carried on through the centuries, and its influence can still be felt in our culture today . Lyric poetry’s roots are in ancient Greece and Rome, where it was used to express feelings of love, sorrow , joy, and other emotions (Hawkes, 2016). These works of art often featured metrical patterns and rhyme schemes to give them structure and beauty . L yric poetry saw a resurgence during the Renaissance when great poets like William Shakespeare wrote some of the most powerful and influential works of lyric poetry the world has ever seen. His works explored themes of love, loss, and life with a level of emotion and beauty that still resonates with readers today . In the Romantic era, lyric poetry became even more popular as writers used it to express their innermost thoughts and feelings. The Romantics believed that poetry should be free-flowing and express the writer’s true emotions. Great writers like John Keats and Percy Bysshe Shelley are still read and studied today for their powerful and moving works of lyric poetry . L yric poetry remains a part of our culture today , and its influence can be seen in many dif ferent forms. From rap music to spoken word poetry , lyric poetry is still used to express feelings and emotions in a powerful and meaningful way . Lyric poetry has been an essential part of W estern civilization for centuries, and its legacy will continue for many years. Stephen Owen’s poetry in the Chinese tradition explores the Chinese poetic tradition, with particular emphasis on the specific forms, such as the shi, fu and ci (Owen, 2018). He examines the various forms in detail and looks at how poets have used them throughout Chinese history . He pays particular attention to the use of metaphor and symbolism, as well as the structure and rhythm of the poems (Guo et al., 2012; Hawkes, 2016). He also discusses the influence of other Chinese literary forms, such as the novel and the essay , on the development of Chinese poetry . Owen focuses on Yen Chih. Yen Chih, also known as Yüeh Chih, is an ancient Chinese lyric form that originated during the Han Dynasty (206 BC – 220 AD). It is one of the earliest and most important forms of Chinese poetry (Owen, 2018). The term “yen chih” means “utterance” or “style”. Yen Chih’s lyrics are composed of two or four couplets, with each couplet having four characters per line (Guo et al., 2012; Hughes, 2015). The couplets are related in content, and the rhyming scheme is AA BB for two couplets and AA BB CC DD for four couplets. Y en Chih lyrics are said to have originated in the provinces of Shandong and Henan, where they were popular among the literati. These poems were often composed to be sung and accompanied by a zither . The poems were usually written in a lyrical and romantic style, expressing the poet’s feelings about love, nature, and the passing of time. Y en Chih lyrics are among the most important genres of Chinese literature. They were especially popular during the Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD), when many poets and writers composed poems in this style (Guo et al., 2012; Hughes, 2015). In the Ming and Qing Dynasties (1368-191 1 AD), Yen Chih’s lyrics experienced a revival in popularity . The style of Yen Chih lyrics has been influential in other forms of Chinese literature, such as the ci (lyric poem) form. It has also greatly impacted Chinese culture, inspiring countless artists and writers. Even today , it continues to be an important part of Chinese poetry and literature. Yen Chih is a key figure in modern literature and poetry , representing a symbol of the Chinese nation and its culture (Guo et al., 2012; Hughes, 2015). Yen Chih is often referred to as the “Father of Chinese Literature” and is represented in many literary works, from classical to modern. In Chinese literature, Yen Chih symbolizes the Chinese nation and its culture. He was a scholar , poet and statesman who championed the cause of Confucianism and helped establish the tenets of Chinese literature. His works are widely admired for their insight and beauty . He is credited with writing the Five Classics, the basis of Chinese culture and literature. Many Chinese people revere his writings, and he is often used as a symbol of Chinese culture. Y en Chih also plays an important role in modern Chinese poetry . His works are a poetic reference point for many modern Chinese poets. His works often feature in modern Chinese poetry , and many poets use his works as a source of inspiration (Kang, 2016; Owen, 2018). His influence on modern Chinese poetry is undeniable, and many still study and admire his works. Y en Chih is also an important figure in modern Chinese literature. His works have been adapted into novels, films, and plays. He is often referenced in fiction, and his works have often been a source of inspiration for modern Chinese writers. His works have been translated into many languages, and his influence on Chinese literature is undeniable. Y en Chih plays a key role in modern literature and poetry . His works are highly respected and admired, and his influence on modern Chinese literature is undeniable. He is a symbol of the Chinese nation and its culture, and his works are a reference point for many modern Chinese poets (Owen, 2015). His influence on modern Chinese literature is undeniable, and his works continue to be studied and celebrated by many . Owen gives a general overview of the Chinese poetic tradition from its earliest beginnings to the present. He examines the dif ferent genres of poetry, such as shi, fu and ci, and looks at how they have been used to express dif ferent ideas and emotions. He also introduces the various poetic forms popular during dif ferent periods of Chinese history , such as the five-character poem and the eight-line poem (Rui and Thiragun, 2021). He looks at the influence of Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism on Chinese poetry and how the themes of the poems often reflected the dominant philosophical currents of the time. Owen then goes on to look at the various poetic forms in depth. He examines the structure and rhythm of the poems and explores the use of metaphor and symbolism. He looks at the dif ferent techniques used to create a particular atmosphere and emotion and discusses the importance of a poem’s opening and closing lines. He also looks at how imagery and symbolism can help convey a certain idea or theme. Owen looks at how other literary forms have influenced Chinese poetry . He examines the influence of the novel and the essay on Chinese poetry and how Chinese poets often used the same techniques and forms to create something new and unique. He looks at how poetic forms, such as the shi, fu and ci, have been adapted and changed over time and how these forms have been used to express dif ferent ideas and emotions. Owen looks at the influence of modernism and postmodernism on Chinese poetry . He examines how poets have used various forms of Chinese poetry to express their ideas and feelings in a contemporary context (Owen, 2018; Rui and Thiragun, 2021). He also looks at the influence of W estern forms of poetry, such as free verse, and how these have been adapted and used in Chinese poetry . Owen illustrates how the Chinese lyric and W estern poetry are creative forms of writing that dif ferent cultures appreciate. Chinese lyric is focused on expressing emotions and conveying the subtle beauty of nature, while W estern poetry is more intellectual and focused on using words to create a work of art (Y ang, 2016). Despite the dif ferences between the two, both forms of writing can get used to creating works of art that are both beautiful and meaningful. Chinese lyrics generally focus on positive messages, expressing emotions such as love, gratitude, and joy rather than terror . It is likely because traditional Chinese culture emphasizes harmony , balance, and a peaceful and tranquil atmosphere. Furthermore, Chinese music often emphasizes positive emotions, bringing people together rather than inciting fear or distress. Chinese lyrics often feature strong spiritual and philosophical themes, emphasizing the importance of self-reflection and growth. It may be a reflection of the Confucian, Taoist, and Buddhist principles that are deeply rooted in Chinese culture. These values often lead to an uplifting and optimistic perspective, as seen in many lyrics (Y ang, 2016; Y oshikawa and Wixted, 2014). The focus on these themes will likely reduce fear and terror , as these concepts are not necessarily seen as important or necessary for spiritual enlightenment. The relative absence of terror in Chinese lyrics may also be because Chinese culture focuses more on the present and future than on the past. While there may be references to past events or memories, the lyrics focus on the present and future and how to move forward. This outlook will likely reduce fear and terror , encouraging people to look ahead and focus on their hopes and dreams. The Chinese language may contribute to the absence of fear and terror in Chinese lyrics. Chinese is a language based heavily on symbolism and imagery , and many of the terms used in Chinese lyrics are meant to evoke positive feelings rather than fear . For example, the term “uā kāi” can be translated as “lowers blooming” and is often used to represent the beauty and joy of the natural world (Y ang, 2016; Yoshikawa and Wixted, 2014). This type of imagery is likely to create a sense of optimism and hope rather than fear or terror . The Book of Songs has been utilized by Owen fore reference to understand the Chinese poetry environment. The Book of Songs sometimes referred to as the Classic of Poetry , is an anthology of ancient Chinese poems and songs compiled between 1000 and 600 BCE. It is one of the five classics of Confucianism and one of the most important works in Chinese literature. The Book of Songs contains 305 poems and songs that were written by anonymous authors from ancient China. These poems and songs are grouped into three main categories: folk songs, court songs, and sacrificial songs (Y ang, 2016). The poems and songs express a variety of emotions, ranging from joy and love to sorrow and despair . They also provide insight into the lives and values of the people of ancient China. The Book of Songs is an important source of information about the culture and values of ancient China. It provides insight into people’s daily lives, their relationship to nature, and their views on morality and justice. Furthermore, the poems and songs provide a glimpse into the people’s spiritual beliefs. The Book of Songs is also significant because it has impacted Chinese poetry for centuries. It is believed that many great Chinese poets, such as Li Bai and Du Fu, were inspired by the poems and songs in the Book of Songs. Furthermore, the influence of the Book of Songs can be seen in contemporary Chinese poetry , as many modern poets use imagery and language from the book in their works (Owen, 2018; Yang, 2016; Y oshikawa and Wixted, 2014). The Book of Songs serves as an important historical record of Chinese poetry . It is the oldest known Chinese poetry collection and provides valuable information about ancient China’s culture and values. Confucianism has been an integral part of Chinese culture for centuries, and this influence can be seen in Chinese poetry . Confucianism is a philosophical system that emphasizes the importance of education, morality , and respect for authority (Kang, 2016). Through its teachings, Confucianism emphasizes the importance of being a “good person” and being respectful of others. This focus on morality and respect has had a lasting impact on Chinese poetry . Chinese poetry is characterized by its use of the five-character line. This structure is often used to create poems emphasizing nature’s beauty or the human condition (Owen, 2018). Confucianism’ s emphasis on morality and respect can be seen in many of these poems, as they often contain moral lessons or warnings to respect nature and others. Confucianism also emphasizes the importance of education, which can be seen in Chinese poetry . Many of these poems contain references to Chinese history and philosophy , and there is often a strong emphasis on learning and seeking knowledge. These references remind readers of the importance of education and the need to be open to learning from others. The influence of Confucianism on Chinese poetry can also be seen in the imagery used in these poems. Confucianism emphasizes the importance of harmony , and many poems contain images of nature that reflect this theme. For example, a poem may feature mountains and rivers that represent the balance of nature, or a poem may feature a garden that symbolizes the harmony between man and nature. Confucianism’ s emphasis on respect can be seen in how Chinese poets approach their subject matter . Rather than focusing on the individual, poets often focus on the collective experience and how people can learn from one another (Owen, 2015). This respect for others is often reflected in the language of the poems, as poets often use respectful language when addressing their subjects. The role of poets like Tu Fu and Li Po in the Chinese community is immense. They are considered the greatest poets in Chinese history , and their works have resonated through the ages. Tu Fu and Li Po have been instrumental in shaping the literature and culture of China for centuries (Guo et al., 2012; Kang, 2016). They are known as the “two greats” in Chinese poetry , and their works have been revered and studied by scholars, students, and enthusiasts alike. T u Fu’ s works were mainly written during the Tang Dynasty and focused on human emotions and the hardships of life. He was renowned for his keen ability to capture the beauty of nature and the fragility of life. His works often conveyed a deep sense of loneliness and sorrow yet also contained moments of joy and hope (Guo et al., 2012). Li Po was a poet of the late Tang Dynasty and was known for his lyrical and romantic style. His poems often contained references to the supernatural and were filled with yearning for an idealized world. He was also known for his boldness and his willingness to challenge conventions. T u Fu and Li Po’ s works are highly influential in Chinese culture. They are used to inspire the next generation of Chinese poets, who strive to emulate the beauty and emotion found in their works. Their works are also seen as a reflection of traditional Chinese values, such as respect for nature and the importance of family . T u Fu and Li Po continue to play an important role in Chinese culture by preserving their works and cherishing their legacy . They have become iconic figures, and their works serve as a reminder of the beauty and complexity of Chinese literature. In this way , they continue to shape Chinese culture and inspire the next generation of Chinese poets. References Burt, S. (2016). What Is This Thing Called L yric? Modern Philology , 113(3), 422-440. Hawkes, D. (2016). A little primer of Tu Fu. The Chinese University of Hong Kong Press. He, W ., Zhao, X., Li, Y., Xi, Q., & Guo, Y. (2012). Adverse events following acupuncture: a systematic review of the Chinese literature for the years 1956–2010. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 18(10), 892-901. Hughes, E. R. (2015). Two Chinese Poets. In Two Chinese Poets. Princeton University Press. Kang, S. (2016). W estern Civilization as Exhibited in a Sino-Japanese Poem from the Edo Period: An Analysis of Arai Hakuseki’ s “The Alarm Clock”. Analele Universitatii Crestine Dimitrie Cantemir , Seria Stiintele Limbii, Literaturii si Didactica predarii, (1), 68-81. Michael, J. (2017). L yric History: Temporality , Rhetoric, and the Ethics of Poetry . New Literary History , 48(2), 265-284. Owen, S. (2015). The Poetry of Du Fu. In The Poetry of Du Fu. De Gruyter Mouton. Owen, S. (2018). Transparencies: Reading the T’ang Lyric. In Critical Readings on Tang China (pp. 566-583). Brill. Rui, Z. H. O. U., & Thiragun, A. (2021). Re-examination of Stephen Owen’s English Complete Translation of The Poetry of Du Fu. Journal of Sinology and Chinese Language Education, 1(1), 64-77. Y ang, X. (2016). Idealizing wilderness in medieval Chinese poetry . Landscapes and Communities on the Pacific Rim: From Asia to the Pacific Northwest: From Asia to the Pacific Northwest, 91. Y oshikawa, K., & Wixted, J. T. (2014). Five Hundred Years of Chinese Poetry , 1 150-1650. In Five Hundred Years of Chinese Poetry , 1150-1650. Princeton University Press.

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