Write 4 short essays on the following topics:
- Examine why learning and other psychological processes are classified as intervening variables. Give an example to illustrate this.
- What is general process learning and why is it adaptive? Provide an example that illustrates its adaptive value.
- What is the partial reinforcement extinction effect (PREE) and how do we explain it? Give an example to illustrate your explanation.
- We can learn things by trial and error, by observation, or by direct instruction. What are the advantages and disadvantages of each? Give some examples to illustrate this.
Essay should be between 350 and 500 words
Use a standard essay format (i.e., an introduction, middle paragraphs and conclusion).
All references must be cited using ASA format