- What are your thoughts about the validity of a strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) analysis in strategic planning?
You hired as the Director of Operations Director for a publicly-held hospital chain. You have been asked to evaluate the organizationâ€™s strategic planning approach because of changes in recent legislation (Affordable Care Act, Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH), Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), the Joint Commission, etc.). To gather data for your assignment, identify a publicly-held health care organization of your choice. You may use the Library to search for market information.
Prepare a report of 5â€“7 pages with at least 5 academic or professional references published in the past five years that indicates the following:
- Identify all of the stakeholders that are involved and impacted by the organization.
- Differentiate internal from external stakeholders, and evaluate the relationship between the organizational mission and vision for each stakeholder group based on strategic planning components.
- Evaluate at least 3 business units or stakeholder groups that should be subjected to further evaluation to support the strategic initiatives of the organization, and provide your rationale and justification.
- Analyze the mission and vision statements of the organization from the perspective of each of the identified stakeholders.
- Assess the organizationâ€™s approach to addressing recent health care legislation, and provide an evaluation of the strategic response that is commonly employed.
With the client you selected in mind, address in a client termination summary (without violating HIPAA regulations) the following:
- Identifying information of client (e.g., hypothetical name and age)
- Date the client initially contacted therapist, date therapy began, duration of therapy, and date therapy will end
- Total number of sessions, including number of missed sessions
- Whether termination was planned or unplanned
- Presenting problem
- Major psychosocial issues
- Types of services rendered (e.g., individual, couple/family therapy, group therapy)
- Overview of treatment process
- Goal status (goals met, partially met, unmet)
- Treatment limitations (if any)
- Remaining difficulties and/or concerns
- Follow-up plan (if indicated)
- Instructions for future contact
Then, address in your Practicum Journal the following:
- Using the Group Therapy Progress Note in this weekâ€™s Learning Resources, document the group session.
- Describe each client (without violating HIPAA regulations), and identify any pertinent history or medical information, including prescribed medications.
- Using the DSM-5, explain and justify your diagnosis for each client.
- Explain any legal and/or ethical implications related to counseling each client.
Support your approach with evidence-based literature.
Read Chapter 12: Leadership and Systems-Based Professional Nursing Practice
1. What are the differences between microsystems and macrosystems in health care? Identify some issues in the microsystem where you practice as a student nurse that could be improved.
APA style (intext citations and references)
Minimum of two references, not older than 2015.
This week you will research and read Jason White, et al. v. National Collegiate Athletic Association 205 F. Supp. 60 (D. Md. 1962). You will need to find the case using Nexis Uni in our Library. You may also need to do additional research. Then, please answer the following questions:
1. What was the case about? Who did what to whom? Please include all facts the court considered significant. Summarize in your own words. DO NOT cut and paste from the opinion.
2. What law did the Court base their analysis on and why was it important?
3. What was the outcome of the case?
. Did the court affirm the lower court’s decision, reverse it, and/or remand it for additional proceedings?
. Why did the court decide the case the way it did?
. What legal standard did they use or establish?
. What prior cases did the Court rely upon and why?
· Did you agree or disagree with the outcome and why?
· Is there anything else that should be mentioned about this case? Is it a “landmark” case? Was the court “divided”? What were your personal thoughts on the case?
Your paper should be single spaced, approximately 3 pages in length, and 12-point Times New Roman font, with 1″ margins. You should put your name, date and student number at the top of the paper. A title page is not needed. It should be saved using your last name first in the file title (e.g. SmithCaseBrief.docx). Citations should be in APA format. If you are a major that is not in the Legal Studies Department, you may use APA citations; however, you must include a reference list at the end of your paper. Please attach your paper in Word format below.
For more information on case brief format, please see the resources attached below. The brief should be in your own words, so please do NOT include long quotes from the opinion itself.
White v. NCAA, 2006 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 101374, 2006 WL 8066803 (United States District Court for the Central District of CaliforniaOctober 19, 2006, Filed).
Retrieved from https://advance-lexis-com.ezproxy1.apus.edu/api/document?collection=cases&id=urn:contentItem:59W4-1G91-F04C-T566-00000-00&
Regarding the IRB view of participants in research,
who are the groups of people that the IRB considers vulnerable for research participation in the 45 CFR 46?
In other words, what are the identified vulnerable groups of people for research that the IRB will focus on?
Please answer these questiosn separated and use at least 2 sources no later than 5 years.
Each of us makes promises all the time; most we keep, but some we don’t. The question this week focus on when a promise is—or is not—enforceable. Said differently, when will the law make a person keep a promise? Choose one of the scenarios below and explain whether you think that the promise made is enforceable. Be sure to think about the concepts of offer, acceptance, consideration, legality, and capacity.
- Uncle John promises his nephew that he will give the nephew $10,000 on his 18th birthday if the nephew doesn’t drink alcohol, smoke cigarettes, do illegal drugs, or engage in any immoral behaviors.
- Bill asks Sally to marry him, and she answers yes. Bill then sells his favorite sports car and pays upfront for a lavish wedding ceremony and a three-week trip to Europe.
- Keith agrees to transport ceramic figurines from Los Angeles to New York City in his moving truck. What he doesn’t know is that each figurine is filled packets of cocaine.
- Maria and Jennifer are having drinks at a local bar, and both are a bit tipsy. As the night goes on, Maria asks Jennifer to trade Jennifer’s three-carat diamond ring for Maria’s 1978 Ford Duster, and Jennifer agrees to the deal.
Negotiation Presentation Project
For the Unit V PowerPoint Presentation, you will design a presentation for an organization that you work for, have worked for, or would like to work for in the future. You may create your presentation using PowerPoint or your presentation software of choice. This presentation will be used to teach new employees about the sources of power and communication techniques for in-person and virtual negotiations.
Your presentation should be addressed to new employees and should include the following:
- A profile of the clients your company serves
- The types of negotiations your company encounters
- Sources of power in negotiation
- Communication techniques for in-person and virtual negotiations
- How the communication techniques can be used at this organization
As you define each source or technique, please include scenarios to help employees understand how to utilize each source and technique for your company.
Your presentation must be at least seven PowerPoint slides in length, not including the title slide and reference slide. Please utilize the speaker notes to add additional details. You are required to use at least your textbook as a reference. You may use the CSU Online Library or the Internet for other resources. Follow proper APA format, including citing and referencing all outside sources used. Feel free to use creativity when selecting graphics and fonts/backgrounds.
Impact of the Commerce Clause on Business
The Commerce Clause as a Source of Federal Authority
The primary powers of Congress are listed in Article I of the Constitution. It is important to remember that Congress has only limited legislative power. Congress possesses only that legislative power granted to it by the Constitution. Thus, all acts of Congress not specifically authorized by the Constitution or necessary to accomplish an authorized end are invalid.
The Commerce Clause provides the basis for most of the federal regulation of business today. This clause empowers the legislature to “regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes.” Early in our history, the Supreme Court was committed to a laissez-faire ideology, an ideology that was grounded in individualism. A narrow interpretation of the Commerce Clause means that only a limited amount of trade or exchange can be regulated by Congress.
Empowers Congress to regulate commerce with foreign nations, with Indian tribes, and among the states; found in Article I.
Under the Court’s initial narrow interpretation, the Commerce Clause was interpreted to apply only to the transportation of goods. Manufacturing of goods, even of goods that were going to be sold in another state, was not considered to have a direct effect on interstate commerce and, thus, was not subject to federal regulation. Businesses conducted solely in one state were similarly excluded from the authority of Congress. Under this restrictive interpretation, numerous federal regulations, such as laws attempting to regulate the use of child labor in manufacturing plants, 3 were struck down.
3 Hammer v. Dagenhart, 247 U.S. 251 (1918).
During the 1930s, the Supreme Court’s interpretation of the Commerce Clause was broadened to allow a greater scope for federal regulations. In NLRB v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp., 4 for example, the Court said that:
4 301 U.S. 1 (1937).
Although activities may be intrastate in character when separately considered, if they have such a close and substantial relationship to interstate commerce that their control is essential or appropriate to protect that commerce from burdens or obstructions, Congress cannot be denied the power to exercise that control. *
* NLRB v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp, 301 U.S. 1 (1937). https://supreme.justia.com/cases /federal/us/301/1/case.html.
Over the next several decades, the Supreme Court continued to expand Congress’s power under the Commerce Clause to regulate intrastate activities that affect interstate commerce. For example, in Perez v. United States, 5 loan-sharking, conducted on a local basis, was deemed to affect interstate commerce because of its connection to organized crime on a national scale, as the funds from loan-sharking help to pay for crime across the United States. According to the subsequent ruling in International House of Pancakes v. Theodore, 6 a locally owned and operated franchise located near two interstates and three hotels qualifies the restaurant as related to interstate commerce and thus subject to the Americans with Disabilities Act. This expansive view continued with United States v. Lake, 7 in which the court ruled that a locally operated coal mine that sells its coal locally and buys its supplies locally can still be subjected to federal regulations (Federal Mine Safety and Health Act) because the local activities of all coal mines help to influence the interstate market for coal.
5 402 U.S. 146 (1971).
6 844 F. Supp. 574 (S.D. Cal. 1993).
7 985 F.2d 265 (6th Cir. 1995).
As these cases illustrate, during most of the twentieth century, almost any activity, even if purely intrastate, could be regulated by the federal government if it substantially affected interstate commerce. The effect may be direct or indirect, as the U.S. Supreme Court demonstrated in the classic 1942 case of Wickard v. Filburn, 8 when it upheld federal regulation of the production of wheat on a farm in Ohio that produced only 239 bushels of wheat solely for consumption on the farm. The Court’s rationale was that even though one wheat farmer’s activities might not matter, the combination of a lot of small farmers’ activities could have a substantial impact on the national wheat market. This broad interpretation of the Commerce Clause has made possible much of the legislation covered in other sections of this book.
8 317 U.S. 111 (1942).
Since the mid-1990s, however, the Supreme Court has appeared to be scrutinizing congressional attempts to regulate based on the Commerce Clause a little more closely. In the 1995 case of United States v. Lopez, 9 the U.S. Supreme Court found that Congress had exceeded its authority under the Commerce Clause when it passed the Gun-Free School Zone Act, a law that banned the possession of guns within 1,000 feet of any school. The Court found the statute to be unconstitutional because Congress was attempting to regulate in an area that had “nothing to do with commerce, or any sort of economic enterprise.” At first, commentators did not see this case, decided in a 5–4 vote, as a major shift in the Supreme Court’s Commerce Clause interpretation. As the Court’s ruling in Brzonkala v. Morrison 10 demonstrates, however, Lopez may indeed have indicated that the courts are going to look more closely at congressional attempts to regulate interstate commerce, an action that seems consistent with the high court’s increasing tendency to support greater power for states in conflicts between the state and federal governments. In Morrison, the Court ruled that the Violence Against Women Act, which Congress justified through its Commerce Clause power, was unconstitutional. Despite the rulings in Lopez and Morrison, however, the following case, Gonzales v. Raich, shows that the Court may not be categorically opposed to an expansion of congressional power through the Commerce Clause.
9 514 U.S. 549 (1995).
10 529 U.S. 598 (2000).
Case 5-2 Gonzales v. Raich
Supreme Court of the United States 545 U.S. 1 (2005) In 1996, California voters passed the Compassionate Use Act of 1996, which allowed seriously ill residents of the state to have access to marijuana for medical purposes. Angel Raich and Diane Monson are California residents who were using medical marijuana pursuant to their doctors’ recommendations for their serious medical conditions. County deputy sheriffs and federal Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) agents investigated Raich’s and Monson’s use of medical marijuana. Although Raich and Monson were found to be in compliance with the state law, the federal agents seized and destroyed their cannabis plants. Raich and Monson brought suit against the attorney general of the United States and the head of the DEA, seeking injunctive and declaratory relief prohibiting the enforcement of the federal Controlled Substances Act (CSA) to the extent it prevents them from possessing, obtaining, or manufacturing cannabis for their personal medical use. The district court denied the respondents’ motion for a preliminary injunction. A divided panel of the court of appeals for the Ninth Circuit reversed and ordered the district court to enter a preliminary injunction. The United States appealed. Justice Stevens Respondents in this case do not dispute that passage of the CSA, as part of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act, was well within Congress’ commerce power. Nor do they contend that any provision or section of the CSA amounts to an unconstitutional exercise of congressional authority. Rather, respondents’ challenge is actually quite limited; they argue that the CSA’s categorical prohibition of the manufacture and possession of marijuana as applied to the intrastate manufacture and possession of marijuana for medical purposes pursuant to California law exceeds Congress’ authority under the Commerce Clause. [There are] three general categories of regulation in which Congress is authorized to engage under its commerce power. First, Congress can regulate the channels of interstate commerce. Second, Congress has authority to regulate and protect the instrumentalities of interstate commerce and persons or things in interstate commerce. Third, Congress has the power to regulate activities that substantially affect interstate commerce. Only the third category is implicated in the case at hand. Our case law firmly establishes Congress’ power to regulate purely local activities that are part of an economic “class of activities” that have a substantial effect on interstate commerce. As we stated in Wickard v. Filburn, 317 U.S. 111 (1942), “even if appellee’s activity be local and though it may not be regarded as commerce, it may still, whatever its nature, be reached by Congress if it exerts a substantial economic effect on interstate commerce.” We have never required Congress to legislate with scientific exactitude. When Congress decides that the “total incidence” of a practice poses a threat to a national market, it may regulate the entire class. Our decision in Wickard is of particular relevance. In Wickard, we upheld the application of regulations promulgated under the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938, which were designed to control the volume of wheat moving in interstate and foreign commerce in order to avoid surpluses and consequent abnormally low prices. The regulations established an allotment of 11.1 acres for Filburn’s 1941 wheat crop, but he sowed 23 acres, intending to use the excess by consuming it on his own farm. Filburn argued that even though we had sustained Congress’ power to regulate the production of goods for commerce, that power did not authorize “federal regulation [of] production not intended in any part for commerce but wholly for consumption on the farm.” Justice Jackson’s opinion for a unanimous Court rejected this submission. He wrote: The effect of the statute before us is to restrict the amount which may be produced for market and the extent as well to which one may forestall resort to the market by producing to meet his own needs. That appellee’s own contribution to the demand for wheat may be trivial by itself is not enough to remove him from the scope of federal regulation where, as here, his contribution, taken together with that of many others similarly situated, is far from trivial. Wickard thus establishes that Congress can regulate purely intrastate activity that is not itself “commercial,” in that it is not produced for sale, if it concludes that failure to regulate that class of activity would undercut the regulation of the interstate market in that commodity. The similarities between this case and Wickard are striking. Like the farmer in Wickard, respondents are cultivating, for home consumption, a fungible commodity for which there is an established, albeit illegal, interstate market. Just as the Agricultural Adjustment Act was designed “to control the volume [of wheat] moving in interstate and foreign commerce in order to avoid surpluses . . .” and consequently control the market price, a primary purpose of the CSA is to control the supply and demand of controlled substances in both lawful and unlawful drug markets. In Wickard, we had no difficulty concluding that Congress had a rational basis for believing that, when viewed in the aggregate, leaving home-consumed wheat outside the regulatory scheme would have a substantial influence on price and market conditions. Here too, Congress had a rational basis for concluding that leaving home-consumed marijuana outside federal control would similarly affect price and market conditions. More concretely, one concern prompting inclusion of wheat grown for home consumption in the 1938 Act was that rising market prices could draw such wheat into the interstate market, resulting in lower market prices. The parallel concern making it appropriate to include marijuana grown for home consumption in the CSA is the likelihood that the high demand in the interstate market will draw such marijuana into that market. While the diversion of homegrown wheat tended to frustrate the federal interest in stabilizing prices by regulating the volume of commercial transactions in the interstate market, the diversion of homegrown marijuana tends to frustrate the federal interest in eliminating commercial transactions in the interstate market in their entirety. In both cases, the regulation is squarely within Congress’ commerce power because production of the commodity meant for home consumption, be it wheat or marijuana, has a substantial effect on supply and demand in the national market for that commodity. Nonetheless, respondents suggest that Wickard differs from this case in three respects: (1) the Agricultural Adjustment Act, unlike the CSA, exempted small farming operations; (2) Wickard involved a “quintessential economic activity”—a commercial farm—whereas respondents do not sell marijuana; and (3) the Wickard record made it clear that the aggregate production of wheat for use on farms had a significant impact on market prices. Those differences, though factually accurate, do not diminish the precedential force of this Court’s reasoning. The fact that Wickard’s own impact on the market was “trivial by itself” was not a sufficient reason for removing him from the scope of federal regulation. That the Secretary of Agriculture elected to exempt even smaller farms from regulation does not speak to his power to regulate all those whose aggregated production was significant, nor did that fact play any role in the Court’s analysis. Moreover, even though Wickard was indeed a commercial farmer, the activity he was engaged in—the cultivation of wheat for home consumption—was not treated by the Court as part of his commercial farming operation. In assessing the scope of Congress’ authority under the Commerce Clause, we stress that the task before us is a modest one. We need not determine whether respondents’ activities, taken in the aggregate, substantially affect interstate commerce in fact, but only whether a “rational basis” exists for so concluding. Given the enforcement difficulties that attend distinguishing between marijuana cultivated locally and marijuana grown elsewhere, and concerns about diversion into illicit channels, we have no difficulty concluding that Congress had a rational basis for believing that failure to regulate the intrastate manufacture and possession of marijuana would leave a gaping hole in the CSA. Thus, as in Wickard, when it enacted comprehensive legislation to regulate the interstate market in a fungible commodity, Congress was acting well within its authority to “make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper” to “regulate Commerce . . . among the several States.” That the regulation ensnares some purely intrastate activity is of no moment. As we have done many times before, we refuse to excise individual components of that larger scheme.* * Gonzales v. Raich, Supreme Court of the United States 545 U.S. 1 (2005). https://www.law .cornell.edu/supct/html/03-1454.ZO.html. Reversed and remanded in favor of Attorney General Gonzalez.
Negotiation Planning Guide
For the Unit III Project, you will create a negotiation planning guide for an organization to implement. In your planning guide, you will explain the ten-step planning process outlined on page 123 in your course textbook.
Within your project, include the following:
- An introduction explaining the importance of planning goals and strategies during the negotiation process and a description of the difference between goals and strategies.
- A planning guide that includes an explanation of each step in the planning, as well as a real-world example of how the step is applied. This example can be something you have witnessed, researched, or an original idea and should assist the organization in understanding how to implement this plan.
Your plan must be at least 750 words or three pages in length (not including the title page and reference page). Within your plan, please label each step for clarity. Feel free to be creative, but keep in mind that an organization will be following your descriptions. You are required to use at least your textbook as a source. Remember to cite and reference all outside sources used.