discussion question and peer reviews 68

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DISCUSSION POST MUST BE 10+ SENTENCES AND THE PEER REVIEWS MUST BE 7+ SENTENCES PLEASE USE YOUR OWN WORDS AND DO NOT COPY FROM OTHER SITES STAY ON TOPIC ,BE POSITIVE , AND DO NOT COMMENT ON GRAMMAR ERRORS. TALK DIRECTLY TO CLASSMATES IN PEER REVIEWS!!! YOU MUST COMPLETE BOTH PEER REVIEWS AND DISCUSSION QUESTION!! THANK YOU

1) DISCUSSION POST

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Feeding the World

As Hite and Seitz (2016) show in Chapter 3: Food, there is enough food produced and available to feed the entire world every day. However, for various reasons, millions still go hungry, making food security—having consistent access to adequate nutritional food—a persistent global social problem in both developing and developed countries.

Where do most of the world’s hungry live?

What are two causes of hunger and two problems that result?

What are some potential consequences and benefits to using biotechnologies in developing countries? Based on the research currently available, should developing countries pursue the use of biotechnologies? Why or why not?

2) REVIEW POST #1 (TYRONE)

Hello Everyone,

Where do most of the world’s hungry live?

Most of the worlds hungry live in the developing world. Places like Somalia, Yemen, Afghanistan, South Sudan, and more.

What are two causes of hunger and two problems that result?

One cause of hunger is conflict or war in some of these countries. Conflict is a result of a lack of an economy to produce work, to produce money, to provide food. They’re forced from their homes and jobs. Also, a lot of these places farmlands are ruined, their livestock is ruined and even taken by force. Another cause is natural disasters or climate change. The results of natural disasters are tremendous. They can destroy homes, jobs, markets, land, and more. Aid is sometimes not readily available, and a lot of the time, it can take years to recover from natural disasters.

What are some potential consequences and benefits to using biotechnologies in developing countries? Based on the research currently available, should developing countries pursue the use of biotechnologies? Why or why not?

Some potential consequences of using biotechnology in developing countries are that it may have a negative impact on agriculture. Altering anything genetically in the long term it may have effects we have yet to discover. Some genetic alterations may even be accidentally transferred into natural plants, which will also become an issue. However, a benefit is that farmers would be able to produce at a faster pace. I think developing countries should use biotechnology to an extent. I do not think it should be forced upon. However, in hindsight, I guess they just snuck it in on us. I think it does have it is pros and cons. We have to remember that those in developing countries have not had the luxuries we have had here in America, so we cannot just feed them any food. I think the benefit of growing and producing food faster and its ability to preserve longer it would be great for those countries in need. However, we also have to think of the health issues that the use of biotechnology in the countries potentially pose.

3) REVIEW POST #2 (ANIKA)

Hello Class and Professor,

Where do most of the world’s hungry live?

Africa has the highest prevalence of undernourishment, but as the most populous region in the world, Asia has the highest number of undernourished people. Prevalence is the proportion of a population affected by a disease or showing a certain characteristic (expressed as a percentage), and the number is simply the count of people in the population with a disease or showing a certain characteristic. There has been the least progress in the sub-Saharan region, where about 23 percent of people remain undernourished – the highest prevalence of any region in the world. (1)

What are the two causes of hunger and two problems that result?

POVERTY

Poverty and hunger exist in a vicious cycle. Families living in poverty usually can’t afford nutritious food, leading to undernourishment. In turn, undernourishment makes it difficult for people to earn more money so that they can afford healthy food. Families living in poverty might also sell off their livestock or tools to supplement their income. This buys short-term relief but perpetuates a longer-term pattern of hunger and poverty that is often passed down from parents to children. (2)

CLIMATE CHANGE

Too much, or too little, rainfall can destroy harvests or reduce the amount of animal pasture available. These fluctuations are made worse by the El Niño weather system and are likely to increase due to changes in climate. Extreme climate patterns also tend to affect the poorest regions of the world the most. The World Bank estimates that climate change has the power to push more than 100 million people into poverty over the next decade. (2)

What are some potential consequences and benefits of using biotechnologies in developing countries? Based on the research currently available, should developing countries pursue the use of biotechnologies? Why or why not?

Biotechnology continues to expand its range of applications, with numerous innovative solutions being developed, especially for the developing world.

In 2016 developing countries continued to plant more biotech crops compared to industrial countries. Starting in 2012, developing countries consistently increased in hectarage and by 2016, a difference of 14.1 million hectares between developing and industrial countries was achieved. Developing countries grew 54% of the global biotech hectares compared to 46% for industrial countries. The trend for a higher share of global biotech crops in developing countries is likely to continue in the near, mid and long-term, firstly, due to more countries from the southern hemisphere adopting biotech crops and secondly, adoption of crops such as rice, 90% of which is grown in developing countries are deployed as “new” biotech crops. (3)

1.https://www.worldhunger.org/world-hunger-and-poverty-facts-and-statistics/

2. https://www.concernusa.org/story/top-causes-world-hunger/

http://biotechbenefits.croplife.org/impact_areas/developing-country-benefits/3.

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